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“VEDA” can refer to several things, but one common reference is to the “Veda,” the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. The Vedas are a large body of religious texts originating in ancient India. There are four Vedas: the Rigveda, the Samaveda, the Yajurveda, and the Atharvaveda. Each Veda contains hymns, prayers, rituals, and philosophical teachings.

The Rigveda is the oldest Veda and is composed of hymns dedicated to various deities. It is considered one of the oldest religious texts in the world and is highly revered in Hinduism. The Rigveda is divided into ten books, known as Mandalas, and contains over a thousand hymns.

The Samaveda is mainly composed of melodies and chants that are derived from the hymns of the Rigveda. It is associated with music and is often referred to as the “Veda of melodies” or the “Veda of chants.”

The Yajurveda is primarily a collection of prose mantras and verses that are used in rituals and ceremonies. It provides instructions for performing various sacrifices and rituals and is divided into two main branches: the White Yajurveda and the Black Yajurveda.

The Atharvaveda contains hymns, spells, and incantations that are primarily used for healing and protection. It also addresses various aspects of daily life, including marriage, childbirth, and agriculture.

Together, the Vedas form the foundation of Hinduism and are considered sacred texts by millions of people around the world. They have had a profound influence on Indian culture, philosophy, and spirituality for thousands of years.